1.0 KUDAT DISTRICT

1.1 INTRODUCTION

The hotspots survey for Kudat district was carried out during the first part of the day on 12 th February, 1999 (Friday). The survey included an interview with the District Officer, Mr. Yeo Boon Hai and site visit to selected areas.

1.2 WASTE DISPOSAL ISSUES

The existing regulations in Kudat are the Kudat Town Board (Conservancy and Hygiene) By-laws 1984 and the Kudat Town Board (Anti-Litter) By-laws, 1984. Most of the available legislations in the district are outdated. There is no regulation to sort out wastes, and recycling facilities are also not available at present.

Waste disposal is not a major problem in Kudat. However, waste disposal problems are usually encountered after the 2-day Tamu in Kudat town (Tuesday and Wednesday). To tackle the problem, the District Office has issued a directive requiring the tamu-vendors to clean their rubbish when the Tamu ends.

The District Council organises a ‘gotong-royong’ every month with the local people. The District Office and District Council have also formed a ‘Council with NGOs’ in Kudat whereby they meet twice a year for feedback concerning services provided by the Council. Members from the NGOs include Scouts, Youth Movement, Chinese Chamber of Commerce, Bumiputera Chamber of Commerce, private medical doctors and others.

Collection of wastes by the Council in residential areas is done on a three-day rotational basis per week. The residents usually provide their own bins. Wastes from shophouses are collected almost everyday. Waste collection in the sub-district of Matunggong is carried out once a week. Sikuati is included in the three-day per week waste collection service. There are three trucks operating to collect waste within the 2600 acres of rating area.

There is one dumping ground that caters for wastes in Kudat. It is situated in Sg. Karang covering 10-15 acres of swamp land. It operates as an opened space dumping ground.

1.2.1 Site Visit

Generally, the cleanliness of the town and most parts of Kudat is transparent from visual observation during the survey. From the town centre to the junction leading to Bak-Bak, dumping of waste was not sighted. Along the road from the junction to Bak-Bak, indiscriminate dumping along the road was barely seen although there were settlements along the road. The beach at Bak-Bak was clean although the beach was not well maintained.

A visit to the dumping ground at Kg. Sg. Karang ( Photo 3 ) was carried out. The site is easily accessible from the main road.

According to the District Officer, the cleanliness of Kudat is due to the positive attitude of the community concerning the environment. This is the result of a long period of environmental awareness campaigns among the residents. Kudat was the first state capital of Sabah in 1881. The importance of cleanliness and environmental protection have been rooted and instilled in the community since then.

1.3 POTENTIAL DEVELOPMENT ON NON-RESERVED WETLAND AREAS (RECLAMATION ON WETLANDS)

Information not available at the time of writing from the District Officer.

1.4 LIVESTOCK FARMING

The team managed to locate two cattle farms in Kudat. One farm owner was interviewed. His farm is located in Kg. Loro Besar. The team tried to locate a pig farm in Bak-Bak but was not able to. No sign was observed along the road.

1.4.1 Site Visit

Kg. Loro Besar Cattle Farm

There are about 30 cattle in the privately owned farm ( Photo 1 ). The farm produces about 5 containers of milk per day (see photo). The source of water for the farm is from the pond made by the owner. The pond is used to contain rain water. Waste water from the farm is not treated but is thrown on the grass next to the road. Feed used includes grass.

Another cattle farm ( Photo 2 ) was located about 1 km from the Kg. Loro Besar Cattle Farm, but the team did not have the opportunity to interview the owner due to time limit.

The extent of pollution from the cattle farm could not be determined. Unpleasant odour could be a problem but the area in the vicinity of the farm is scarcely populated to trigger complaints from the neighbours regarding foul smell from the farm.

1.5 SAND SOURCING IN RIVERS

The District Officer informed that the major problem faced in Kudat is the shortage of water supply to the population. Therefore, since major rivers in the district are not functioning well, there are no sand sourcing activities in the district.

Table 1: List of Livestock Farms in Kudat for 1998

Broiler Duck Farm

Name of Owner/Farm
District
No. of ducks per month
Lai Pak Yin
Kudat
1,200

Pig Farm

Name of Owner/Operator
Address
District
INDUNG
(female pig)
PEJANTAN
(male pig)
Total SPP 1998
Chong Moo Kee
Tamalang
KDT
10
1
100
Chong Hen Yin
Sg.Karang
KDT
10
2
100
Chong Chai Yin
Sg. Karang
KDT
10
2
100
Kong Kim Siong
Sin San
KDT
13
2
130
Sim Nam Yick
Bak Bak
KDT
8
0
80
Tong Moo Kee
Temalang
KDT
10
0
100
Wong Hock Chong
Batu 6
KDT
24
8
240

Source: DOVSAI Headquarters

PHOTOGRAPHS

Photo 1: Dairy farm at Kg. Loro Besar, Kudat

Date & Time: 12/2/99 (Fri) 1 pm

Photo 2: Cattle farm near Pinangsoo

Date & Time: 12/2/99 (Fri) 1:15 pm

Photo 3: Dumping ground for Kudat at Kg. Sg. Karang

Date & Time: 12/2/99 (Fri) 1:30 pm