In the context of environmental management, several environmental issues have been identified to require urgent attention of policy makers, and also consultation and co-ordination of various departments, stakeholders of the coastal zone and the public (NGOs). Some issues identified may require the introduction of new legislation, amendment of existing ones integration of policy and action. Some of these issues may require prioritisation due to constraint of resources.

The Environmental Work Group realises that the ICZM concept of co-ordination and consultation between departments is extremely important and that an ICZM co-ordinating unit be continued and incorporated into the Environmental Management in Sabah. Based on the findings of our group, several recommendations and action strategies in arresting or alleviating environmental problems in the coastal zone were formulated by the group pertaining to each of the specific areas identified in the TOR of the Work Group. These recommendation and action strategies are presented in the following sections.

5.1. Recommendation on Landuse Planning

5.2. Environmental Management Tools

5.2.1. Recommendation on EIA

5.2.2. Recommendation on Environmental Monitoring and Auditing


As a consequence of this overview, a co-ordination system between departments for data sharing must be put in place.


An auditing mechanism that establishes a satisfactory overview of the status of the environment be developed or formulated. This will require time-based data to be collected and stored (from the present time) by the agencies responsible for natural resources and the environment.

5.3. Recommendation for Institutional Framework And Capacity

5.4. Recommendation for Environmental Hotspots

As indicated earlier in section 3.7, during the rapid assessment survey of the Environmental Hotspots at the District level, several institutional and environmental issues were identified that require attention from the higher level of authority and improvements at the district level. These issues have been highlighted in earlier section and also in the “Environmental Hotspots Survey” report. Recommendation and action strategies in dealing with the issues identified are presented here both directed to the higher level through the ICZM action plan and for Authority at the district level. Some of the recommendation here may require the introduction of new legislation, amendment of existing ones or that requires integration of policy and action. This recommendation may have cost implication to the Local Authority and careful consideration of recommendation is in order.

The following are recommendation and action strategies pertaining to the environmental issues identified during the rapid assessment survey:

Waste Disposal Issues

  1. Personnel who handle waste collection and disposal must be given training and be supervised to ensure efficiency in the collection.

Wetland Reclamation

Livestock Farming

River Sand Mining